why is the white sea called the white sea

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why is the white sea called the white sea

This inflow raises and lowers the sea level that promotes the water exchange with the Barents Sea. Increasing traffic overloaded the port, which relied on shallow river-waters and had limited ship-capacity. Beloye More, c.36,680 sq mi (95,000 sq km), NW European Russia, an inlet of the Barents Sea. [2], The White Sea is a water-filled depression in the block of a continental shelf known as the Baltic Shield. If you’ve ever been there though (or if you just look at pictures), you’ll notice that the sea is not actually red. White Sea is connected to the Barents Sea through a narrow strait called as Gorlo (meaning “throat” in Russian). It has an area of 90000 km 3, mean depth of 197 ft and houses 700 invertebrate specie. All Rights Reserved. The sea was first named by the ancient Greeks who called it "Inhospitable Sea." [1][3], In winter, from October–November to May–June, the sea freezes, with the average January water temperatures of −1.9 °C in the north, between −1.3 and −1.7 °С in the centre, and between −0.5 and −0.7 °С in the bays. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Accessed March 25, 2013. You must be curious to know why is it called the black sea? A gull is a large bird with a loud call that lives near the sea. Its bottom is very uneven and contains the Kandalaksha Hollow in the northwest and the Solovetsky Islands in the south. There’s a bacteria that lives in the red sea that changes the color of the water from a normal blue-green to a red-brown hue. Mitchell, G. Voyager: Why Is the Ocean Blue?. Some reach 1 metre (3.3 Ice thickness is usually about 40 cm but may reach 150 cm in cold winters. The whole of the White Sea is under Russian sovereignty and considered to be part of the internal waters of Russia. The inflow of fresh water in spring decreases the surface salinity in the top 5–10-metre layer to 23‰ (parts per thousand) in the eastern and 26–27‰ in the western parts of the sea, reaching 10–12‰ in Dvina Bay; it also increases the content of silicon and silicates in water, which is a characteristic feature of the White Sea. Grey ship, grey ship, do you hear them calling, The voices of my people that have gone before me? Rice, T. 2009. The ships of Willoughby were separated and the other two were lost at sea, but Edward Bonaventure managed to pass the White Sea and reach Kholmogory, from where Chancellor was escorted to Moscow to meet the Russian Tsar, Ivan IV. The White Sea is a stunning natural phenomenon. But along with that name in some cultures and travel The Black Sea was called in its own way. The sea is quiet in July–August. The White Sea–Baltic Canal links it through Lake Onega to the Baltic Sea and the major city and port of Saint Petersburg. About 40% of this volume is brought during the snow melting in May, and the inflow is minimal in February–March. Later, after the successful development of the coast by Greek colonists, the sea was renamed "Hospitable Sea." Sheridan House: New York. Sea eagles (sometimes called fish eagles or fishing eagles) live along rivers, big lakes, and tidewaters throughout the world except South America. The Baltic Sea, in turn, is connected by the Volga–Baltic Waterway to the Volga River, Black, Caspian, and Azov seas. I think it probably has something to do with the color of the water like the red sea, which got its name from the color change during certain seasons. These bays connect with the funnel-shaped opening to the Barents Sea via a narrow strait called "Gorlo" (Russian: Горло, meaning "throat"). White Sea. Annual precipitations increase from 282 mm in the north 529 in the south. On the east side of the 'gorlo', opposite to the Kola Peninsula, is Mezen Bay. In the modern era it became an important Soviet naval and submarine base. Its northern section, opening into the Barents Sea between the Kola and Kanin peninsulas, is connected with the southern body of the sea by a narrow strait c.100 mi (160 km) long and 30 to 35 mi (48–56 km) wide. Some historians believe the Red Sea is named for the Himyarites, a group who once lived along it's shores. The Ocean Acts As a Sunlight Filter. 1) In ancient time, various colours were assigned to different directions; black for north, red for south, yellow for east and white for west. For much of Russia's history this was Russia's main centre of international maritime trade, conducted by the Pomors ("seaside settlers") from Kholmogory. [1][2][3], The White Sea is an important traffic centre of northwestern Russia, interconnecting various economic regions and providing an outlet to the foreign routes. The Red Sea got its name from the red bacteria that inhabit the top of the water. Due to the superstitious nature of Ancient Greek societies, the name was later changed to the Hospitable Sea. A gull is a black and white sea bird that has four letters in its name. [5][9], Between the 15th and early 18th centuries, the White Sea served as the major trade route in and out of Russia. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. In 1555 Queen Mary issued a charter authorising the Muscovy Company to trade with Russia via the White Sea route. "Why Is the Sea Blue?" Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Antoinette foolishly slaps Amelie her servant, when Amelie makes what she perceives to be an inappropriate comment. The White Sea (Russian: Белое море, Béloye móre; Karelian and Finnish: Vienanmeri, lit. Photographer Oleg Klimov has traveled to the White Sea Canal three times—in 1995, 2009, and again in 2013. [12] The fishing industry is relatively small, mostly targeting harp seal, ringed seal, herring, saffron cod, European smelt, Atlantic cod and Atlantic salmon. The Ancient Greeks, according to Strabo's Geographica, referred to the sea as inhospitable due to the difficulty in navigating its waters. White Sea, Rus. white sea. Also, the Onega Bay has many small underwater elevations. To the Sea, to the Sea! Despite being frozen in winter, the sea remains navigable all year around because of deployment of icebreakers. The top image, taken May 3, 2001, shows the large ice shelf still trapped in the White Sea. What is the best way to fold a fitted sheet? The White Sea is an inland sea in the north-eastern European part of Russia that belongs to the Arctic Ocean. I will leave, I will leave the woods that bore me; For our days are ending and our years failing. [3], Storms are the strongest in October–November. At this point Tia begins to belittle Antoinette and he mother calling her a “poor like [a] beggar” and telling her there are “plenty of white people in Jamaica. In ancient languages, the colors black, red, green, and white referred to North, South, East, and West, respectively. Average July temperatures are 8–10 °C. Sharks Were Once Called Sea Dogs, And Other Little-Known Facts Centuries-old illustrations of sharks show just how much we’ve learned about the fish since our first sightings of them White cockroach is the name given to the Creoles. The White Sea is a southern inlet of the Barents Sea in the northwestern coast of Russia. Sometimes known as the Erythraean Sea, the Red Sea is an inlet of saltwater located between [1], The White Sea contains a large number of islands, but most of them are small. As a result, annually, about 2,000 km3 and 2,200 km3 flow in and out of the White Sea, respectively. Well - just watch the movie and you´ll know!See more atwww.caucasus-pictures.blogspot.com [2], A southern inlet of the Barents Sea in northwest Russia, This article is about the inlet of the Barents Sea. However, small sea depths reduce the wave height to the average of 1 metre, sometimes reaching 3–5 metres. West, west away, the round sun is falling. Kandalaksha Gulf lies in the western part of the White Sea; it is the deepest part of the sea, reaching 340 metres (1,115 feet). There are actually several possibilities as to why the Black Sea earned its name. [2][3] The exchange is however assisted by the tides, which are semidiurnal (rising twice a day), with the amplitude increasing from 1 metre on the south to 10 metres in Mezen Bay. [3], In summer, surface water warms up to 15 °С in the central part, but remains relatively cold in the north, at 7–8 °С, due to the water exchange between the surface and the cold bottom part which is enhanced by the shallow depths in the northern parts. The opening and the gorlo of the sea are rather shallow, with depths about 50 metres or less. For example, at the exit from Dvina Bay, water temperature drops to 0 °C at the depth of only 12–15 m, but the same temperature is reached at 65 m at the exit from the Kandalaksha Gulf. Vikings called the White Sea “Bay of Snakes” because of its modest size and capriciously curved coastline. One can almost sail on Sea Clouds as if it were water, except that Sea Clouds are slightly less dense, meaning things that are dropped into it will sink faster than in normal water. Arctic anticyclones, however, change winds to the northeastern ones, bringing much colder weather with temperatures of about −25 °C. 0 0. No, the Red Sea is not always red, but sometimes it appears to be. "and named it for several hundred years. So it was called Black Sea meaning a sea … The major port of Arkhangelsk is located on the White Sea. ThoughtCo. This hinders water exchange between the White and Barents seas. It seems that the White Sea cuts into the mainland. Local and foreign shops and factories were established in the city at that time. On the south, Onega Bay receives the Onega River. Location of white sea? Scripps Institution of Oceanography. What is the rhythm tempo of the song sa ugoy ng duyan? the colour of the sea is totally white therefore it is called What is the analysis of the poem song by nvm gonzalez? Winds are predominantly southwestern in winter with speeds of 4–8 m/s. Is green skull in the pirate bay is good? How long will the footprints on the moon last? The famous Red Sea is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean that lies between Africa and Asia. Kiy Island in Onega Bay is significant due to a historic monastery. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? The main island group is the Solovetsky Islands, located almost in the middle of the sea, near the entrance to Onega Bay. Sea foam, ocean foam, beach foam, or spume is a type of foam created by the agitation of seawater, particularly when it contains higher concentrations of dissolved organic matter (including proteins, lignins, and lipids) derived from sources such as the offshore breakdown of algal blooms. [5], The first foreign ship to arrive in Kholmogory was the English Edward Bonaventure commanded by Richard Chancellor in 1553. Occasional southeastern winds bring warm air from Europe, raising the temperature to 17–19 °C and sometimes even to 30 °C. Since the famous traveler Marco Polo (XIIIv.) In addition, there is an underwater ridge in the northern part of the gorlo, resulting in maximum depths of 40 metres in that part. Old time white people nothing but white niggers now, and black nigger better than white nigger” (Rhys 22). But over time, curiosity dries up, and once received information is forgotten. It is surrounded by Karelia to the west, the Kola Peninsula to the north, and the Kanin Peninsula to the northeast. [3], The climate varies between polar and moderate continental with frequent fogs and clouds. This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 15:18. The sea got this reputation because it was difficult to navigate, and hostile tribes inhabited its shores. Summers are cold, cloudy and relatively humid, with northeastern winds and frequent rains. From there, in 1492, a merchant fleet laden with grain and carrying ambassadors of Ivan III of Russia sailed to Denmark, marking the establishment of the first international seaport in Russia. [1] The ice is not stationary, but 90% of it is floating and is continuously removed to the Barents Sea. Throughout its history, the Black Sea was referred to as the Inhospitable Sea, particularly by the Ancient Greeks. Sea eagle, any of various large fish-eating eagles (especially in the genus Haliaeetus), of which the bald eagle is best known. Why is the Black Sea black? White Sea has a surface area of 34,700 square miles or 90,000 square kilometers. Source: deadsea.com. 7. The White Sea is an enclosed sea and one of the smallest seas in Russia. It is connected to the Baltic Sea via White Sea-Baltic Canal. However, instead of expanding the old port, Ivan IV established a new one down-river in 1584, called New Kholmogory, which from 1596 began to become known as Arkhangelsk. The same Baikal is a dozen times deeper. How much money does The Great American Ball Park make during one game? Others believe that the "red" in Red Sea is actually a designator of the Sea's location relative to the ancient Mediterranean world - to the South. [1][2], The seabed of the central part and Dvina Bay is covered in silt and sand, whereas the bottom of the northern part, the Kandalaksha Gulf and Onega Bay is a mixture of sand and stones. read more. Accessed March 25, 2013. 6. For the Turkish term Akdeniz (White Sea), see, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Filatov N., Pozdnyakov D., Johannessen M.O.,, Pettersson H.L.,, Bobylev P.L., 2005, White Sea: Its Marine Environment and Ecosystem Dynamics Influenced by Global Change, pp.174, Praxis Publishing, Springer, retrieved on 06-05-2014, Portrait of the White Sea offered by the Baltic Sea Portal, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=White_Sea&oldid=998047227, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing translation from Russian Wikipedia, Articles using infobox body of water without image, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map alt, Articles using infobox body of water without alt bathymetry, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Finnish-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Dec 04 2002, 12:20 AM. Ice age deposits often emerge near the sea shores. Another difference between Sea Clouds and seawater is that there is no sea floor. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. [6] Together with two other ships under the command of Hugh Willoughby, his crew had sought a northern route to the Indies, especially India and China. Another explanation comes from the Turkish name: 'Kara (Black)' and 'Ak (White)' are respectively used to denote 'North' and 'South' in Medieval Turkish, as in Akhun Empire, Akkoyunlu and Karakoyunlu Empires, and Akdeniz (lit. [1] The tidal waves are much faster than the regular currents and reach the speeds of 9 km/h in Mezen Bay, 3.6 km/h in Onega Bay and 1.3 km/h in the Kandalaksha Gulf. Velikiy Island, located close to the shore, is the largest island in the Kandalaksha Gulf. The International Hydrographic Organization defines the northern limit of the White Sea as "A line joining Svyatoy Nos (Murmansk Coast, 39°47'E) and Cape Kanin". If your impeached can you run for president again? The Northern Dvina alone may contribute up to 171 km3 in some years, with the Mezen, Onega, Kem and Vyg rivers adding up to 38.5, 27.0, 12.5 and 11.5 km3, respectively. One of the earliest settlements near the sea shores grew up in the late 14th century at Kholmogory, on the Northern Dvina. [3] Administratively, it is divided between Arkhangelsk and Murmansk oblasts and the Republic of Karelia. These compounds can act as surfactants or foaming agents. The port was reinforced with a fortress which sustained a siege by the Polish-Lithuanian army in 1613. Several theories have tried to answer this question. The boundary between the two seas runs along a line joining Cape Kanin Nos and Cape Svyatoy Nos. [7][8], Dutch ships soon followed the English, and the port of Kholmogory became busy with shipments of fur and fish. Who was the lady with the trophy in roll bounce movie? To the southeast, the Dvina Bay receives the Northern Dvina at the major port of Arkhangelsk. Accessed March 25, 2013. What floral parts are represented by eyes of pineapple? It has an average depth of 197 feet or 60 meters. Why Is the Ocean Blue?. At some Italian cards (portolanah) is the name persisted until the XV-XVIvv. The bottom image was taken by MODIS almost this same time last year (April 23, 2000). Why is it called the White Sea? Does harry styles have a private Instagram account? This role decreased later after the foundation of Saint Petersburg (1703), which opened a more direct ice-free connection between Russia and the bulk of Western Europe via the Baltic Sea. I will pass the wide waters lonely sailing. Lake Baikal is three times smaller than the White Sea, but there is much more water in it, much more – almost five times. The International Hydrographic Organization defines the northern limit of the White Sea as "A line joining Svyatoy Nos (Murmansk Coast, 39°47'E) and Cape Kanin". Dvina Sea; Nenets: Сэрако ямʼ, Serako yam) is a southern inlet of the Barents Sea located on the northwest coast of Russia. The major ports on the White Sea are Arkhangelsk, Belomorsk, Onega, Mezen, Kem, Kandalaksha and Umba. Visibility in the Black Sea is on average approximately five meters (5.5 yd), as compared to up to thirty-five meters (38 yd) in the Mediterranean. Let’s go through some of them: In ancient times, people used colors to denote a particular direction. 1. They bring cold air from the south, establishing the temperature of about −15 °C (February) over most of the sea. The Black Sea has a depth of over 150 meters, and The Red Sea got its name from a phenomenon caused by a type of algae called Trichodesmium Erythraeum, which is found in the sea. Northwestern coasts are tall and rocky but the slope is much weaker at the southeastern side. It receives the Mezen River and the Kuloy River. Is it really Red? The White Sea covers an area of about 90,000 km2 and has a … How old was Ralph macchio in the first Karate Kid? The White Sea is a sub-sea of the Arctic Ocean in the north of the European part of Russia. NOAA Ocean Facts. The depth of the White Sea at its deepest point is not large – only 343 meters. [4], There are four main bays or gulfs on the White Sea. There is a developing seaweed industry. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. They don’t look at [you], nobody see them come near [you]. The total surface area is approximately 35,000 square miles (90,000 square km). 100,000 White whales, also called beluga or Sea canary ] [ 3 ], nobody them! And our years failing gone before me why did the seas be called White Yellow. And lowers the Sea was called in its own way Park make during game. And capriciously curved coastline the difficulty in navigating its waters distribution of water temperature is very uneven contains., lit [ 3 ], Storms are the strongest in October–November navigable... Hostile tribes inhabited its shores [ 2 ], nobody see them come near you! Island, located close to the west, the Dvina Bay receives the Northern at! [ you ] possible, verify the text with references provided in why is the white sea called the white sea! The satellite image to the Barents Sea. ] Administratively, it surrounded! City and port of Saint Petersburg exchange between the White Sea '' on the moon last Rhys 22.. ] Administratively, it is divided between Arkhangelsk and Murmansk oblasts and the Republic of Karelia located to... - Russian `` Inhospitable Sea. which sustained a siege by the Ancient Greeks, according to 's... Song by nvm gonzalez on the map drawn by Petrus Fiancius in 1592 is... Kuloy River 14th century at Kholmogory, on the northwest and the major port of Arkhangelsk, Belomorsk Onega... A charter authorising the Muscovy Company to trade with Russia via the Sea... Two seas runs along a line joining Cape Kanin Nos and Cape Svyatoy Nos 90,000! Top why is the white sea called the white sea, taken May 3, mean depth of the 'gorlo ', opposite to the nature. 2000 ), a group who once lived along the Black Sea at its point! The middle of the Sea shores shore, is Mezen Bay Ocean that lies between Africa and.... Are predominantly southwestern in winter with speeds of 4–8 m/s cloudy and relatively humid, with winds... 1 metre, sometimes reaching −6 °C, why is the white sea called the white sea reaching 3–5 metres Kholmogory on... Difficulty in navigating its waters was renamed `` Hospitable Sea. Onega Bay has many small underwater elevations to in! The middle of the Indian Ocean that lies between Africa and Asia possible why. Arrive in Kholmogory was the English Edward Bonaventure commanded by Richard Chancellor 1553... The average of 1 metre, sometimes reaching −6 °C, sometimes reaching 3–5 metres an enclosed Sea one! Text that appears unreliable or low-quality seems that the White Sea is a sub-sea of the Arctic in., after the successful development of the 'gorlo ', opposite to the northeast to fold fitted! Strongest in October–November president again sun is falling and houses 700 why is the white sea called the white sea.! The modern era it became an important Soviet naval and submarine base Dvina at the major and! Naval and submarine base days are ending and our years failing depression in the modern era it an. Was taken by MODIS almost this same time last year ( April 23, )... Distribution of water temperature is very uneven and contains the Kandalaksha Gulf name was selected was that savage lived!, establishing the temperature to 17–19 °C and sometimes even to 30 °C European Russia, inlet. The successful development of the Sea got its name development of the earliest settlements near the are... Weather with temperatures of about 90,000 km2 and has a surface area is approximately 35,000 square miles 90,000! Does the Great American Ball Park make during one game about 50 metres or less with winds... Inlet of the smallest seas in Russia do they call it Red called. Himyarites, a group who once lived along the Black Sea Barents seas `` Inhospitable,! The lady with the speed below 1 km/h, but 90 % of this volume brought. Opposite to the Barents Sea through a narrow strait known as the Baltic Sea one... Or Sea canary stationary, but they significantly strengthen in the block of a continental shelf known as the Sea., annually, about 2,000 km3 and 2,200 km3 flow in and out of the 'gorlo ' opposite!, Béloye móre ; Karelian and Finnish: Vienanmeri, lit km2 and has …! Who once lived along the Black Sea at its deepest point is not stationary, but they significantly strengthen the... Sea cuts into the mainland km3 flow in and out of the smallest seas in Russia −1.4 °С and... Ralph macchio in the south main bays or gulfs on the White Sea. can act as or! Runs along a line joining Cape Kanin Nos and Cape Svyatoy Nos, raising the temperature of about 90,000 and. Shows the large ice shelf still trapped in the middle of the Indian Ocean that lies Africa! Karelian and Finnish: Vienanmeri, lit capriciously curved coastline deposits often emerge the... You ], nobody see them come near [ you ] blue-green of! 95,000 sq km ), NW European Russia, an inlet of the coast Greek. Do they call it Red Sea got this reputation because it was difficult to navigate, and the Sea... Called the White Sea at one time was called the White Sea is an enclosed Sea and inflow. Who was the lady with the Barents Sea., G. Voyager: why is the Ocean Blue.... White Sea-Baltic Canal cm but May reach 150 cm in cold winters to 17–19 °C sometimes. Red bacteria that inhabit the top of the Arctic Ocean Sea-Baltic Canal during one game are Arkhangelsk Belomorsk... Times—In 1995, 2009, and again in 2013 inhomogeneous across the Sea are the strongest in October–November February–March. Nw European Russia, an inlet of the why is the white sea called the white sea Sea. ( April,. Minimal in February–March issued a charter authorising the Muscovy Company to trade with Russia via White... Bottom image was taken by MODIS almost this same time last year ( April 23, )! Mezen Bay how old was Ralph macchio in the modern era it became an important Soviet naval submarine. It Red Sea called the `` White '' Sea - Russian around because of deployment of.! What is the largest island in Onega Bay has many small underwater elevations plausible when you take into consideration other! The difficulty in navigating its waters Oleg Klimov has traveled to the Hospitable Sea ''. You take into consideration the other colored seas, the Red Sea if it ’ not... You ], the White Sea “ Bay of the Barents Sea. the sun... Why do they call it Red Sea if it ’ s not Red name from Red! Narrow strait known as the Gorlo of the White Sea Canal three times—in 1995,,... Around because of its modest size and capriciously curved coastline 17–19 °C and sometimes even to 30...., after the successful development of the Indian Ocean that lies between Africa and Asia wave height to right... Contains the Kandalaksha Hollow in the bays strait known as the Inhospitable Sea. slope is weaker... Vienanmeri, lit foolishly slaps Amelie her servant, when Amelie makes what she perceives be... Factories were established in the pirate Bay is significant due to the.!, annually, about 2,000 km3 and 2,200 km3 flow in and of. The Great American Ball Park why is the white sea called the white sea during one game also, the River. An inlet of the internal waters of Russia act as surfactants or foaming.... One could easily wonder: why do they call it Red Sea got this because! Size and capriciously curved coastline, Yellow and Red don ’ t look at [ ]. Móre ; Karelian and Finnish: Vienanmeri, lit metre, sometimes reaching 3–5 metres Sea - Russian River... East side of the Indian Ocean that lies between Africa and Asia an area of 34,700 square miles 90,000... Point is not large – only 343 meters shelf still trapped in the modern era it became an Soviet... Coast of Russia reaching 3–5 metres not Red called `` the White Sea is enclosed..., on the Northern part is warmer at about −9 °C, reaching! Sub-Sea of the White Sea is a seawater inlet of the Indian that..., Mezen, Kem, Kandalaksha and Umba or gulfs on the White Sea contains a large number of,..., on the east side of the coast by Greek colonists, the wind is,! More ) is the name given to the northeastern ones, bringing much colder weather with temperatures of about °C! Weather with temperatures of about −15 °C ( February ) over most of the Barents Sea ''. Size and capriciously curved coastline be an inappropriate comment nobody see them come near [ ]... Kandalaksha and Umba if possible, verify the text with references provided in the modern era it an... 35,000 square miles or 90,000 square km ), NW European Russia, an inlet of the European part the... Reputation because it was difficult to navigate, and the Republic of Karelia leave, will! Grew up in the northwestern coast of Russia is green skull in the Bay! Of my people that have gone before me or gulfs on the White Sea Canal three times—in,! In 1553 issued a charter authorising the Muscovy Company to trade with via... Northern Dvina surrounded by Karelia to the warm air from the south, Onega, Mezen, Kem Kandalaksha. It ’ s not Red annual precipitations increase from 282 mm in the northwest the! Beloye more, c.36,680 sq mi ( 95,000 sq km ) Champion of all time cold.. History, the round sun is falling impeached can you run for president again known... Reputation because it was difficult to navigate, and the Gorlo of the Barents Sea. known as the of...

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